So that the millions of rental households can actively participate in the energy turnaround, we within the scope of our company participation in indielux GmbH are developing practical solutions for the balcony solar product category. Our Managing Director Markus Vietzke - who was awarded the Georg Salvamoser Prize 2018 as a "Hero of the Energy Turnaround" - played a key role in driving forward the revision of the DIN standards and application rules (VDE 0100-551 and VDE-AR-N 4105) of the Association for Electrical, Electronic & Information Technologies that are necessary for this. These define the requirements for parallel and decentralised generation systems on the low-voltage grid. This was a decisive step for the rapidly growing market of balcony power plants, which, by the way, are also called mini-solar systems, plug-and-play solar systems, citizen solar systems, solar sockets or balcony modules. Or even plug-in solar units.
Typically, with such plug-in solar devices, up to 2 photovoltaic (PV) modules are connected directly to one's own circuit with an inverter. This does not have to be done by an electrician, but is expressly intended for use by laypersons. The familiar Schuko plug is often used as a simple transfer connection. However, the previous electrical installation should first be professionally checked. This can be dispensed with if automatic circuit breakers or screw-type fuses are available and no more than 600 watts are operated.
Since it has unfortunately not yet been conclusively clarified whether pluggable solar devices are fixed installations, the balcony module should definitely be registered with the Federal Network Agency. This can be done free of charge at https://www.marktstammdatenregister.de. (This procedure can take up to 30 minutes.) Important: Know the name of your grid operator - this is not your electricity provider!
Basically, the plug-in solar unit is used for self-consumption. The self-produced electricity is cheaper than the purchased electricity. Even if it is not problematic to feed the electricity you do not consume yourself into the public grid to a small extent, you should optimise it so that ideally there is zero feed-in. If this is not guaranteed, an electricity meter with a backflow preventer can put you on the safe side. Apropos: Household appliances always automatically use the electricity from the solar device first and then supplement it with mains electricity.